Sunday, February 23, 2020
The Enron - Case Study Example d the corporation and it was realized that their reported financial condition was sustained considerably by an institutionalized, methodological, systematic and crafted planned accounting fraud, which was to be known as the Enron scandal. The corporation did this through a complicated arrangement of special purpose entities they referred to as the Raptors. The Raptors were expected to cover their expenses if the stocks in their start-up businesses collapsed. Most surprising is the fact that the corporation took spent 16 years to grow from about $9 billion assets to $60 billion, but only spent about a month to go bankrupt. The Company collapsed so fast and so entirely. In fact it made history as the largest bankruptcy and accounting scandal in American. The absence of truthfulness by management about the company led to their downfall. The overriding benefits and public trust ended immediately. For years the management lied about the financial reporting thus worsening the economic ability. They made employees loos job and lack of investors trust was evident. The senior management team believed Enron had to be perfect in everything it did and that they had to safeguard their reputations and their compensation as the most successful management in the US. Three most common forms of accounting frauds above where witness that led to the downfall of the company. The corporation followed these illegal accounting practices in financing which subsequently ensure the company be valued more attractively and appealing to the investors by the by Wall Street analysts and rating agencies. Most notably was the fact that Enron as a company used various related parties in increment of equity and crafted its financial arrangements using various loopholes in laws. All these was surprisingly was conducted trying to not consolidate into its reports and accounts by at will not fulfilling certain ethical conditions. This was a principle and a plan that proposed by both Andrew Fastow and
Thursday, February 6, 2020
Manufacturing Engineering - Lab Report Example SafetySince the device may be improperly used and safety of a machinery is the key concern during its functionality; a safety factor of 1.5 was factored in all the calculations. 2.2 InexpensiveThe device must be produced within a strict budget by sourcing for cheap local materials according to the bill of quantities.2.3 Design EvolutionThe first concept generation was accomplished by creating an itemization of the design into the following functional and movable elements; pipes, chains and the support system.The team had a brainstorming session, whereby it was agreed that only the top rated materials will be considered for each functional component in order to develop an alpha design. The criteria for selecting components were based on the cost of the material and its manufacturability.3.0 Engineering AnalysisThe engineering fields that are applicable to the design process are statics, dynamics and materials. The appropriate basics and ideas from statics and dynamics are NewtonÃ¢â¬â ¢s law, bending moments, torque and friction. For materials mostly on the pipes and chains, the applicable properties are: fracture toughness, YoungÃ¢â¬â¢s modulus, corrosion, yield strength and ultimate tensile strength.NewtonÃ¢â¬â¢s Second law, was necessary to calculate the forces that will be applied to the support while the chain moves up and down while lifting an object. The bending moments, of the motor was calculated to ensure the mechanism does not degrade rapidly and maintain the factor of safety.
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
Hotel and Outdoor Petting Zoo Essay There are many steps to planning a vacation to Kalahari Resorts, Ohio. First of all, you must ask yourself how many days would you like to spend at Kalahari. Once you decide, you must figure you want to book a flight or drive. Depending on certain dates, flights can be really expensive if booked during peak vaction months. Driving on the other hand, is not for everyone. It can be very expensive with the price of gas, and very tedious depending how many hours you will spend in the car. The next step is to find pricings on the hotel with their website, Kalahariresorts.com. This website provides package deals that include: the room, access to the aracde, and also access to the pool. When choosing your room, you need to pick the perks you want, such as a full kitchen or a veiw of the outdoor petting zoo. Now that you have chosen your means of transportaion and room, you must determine how much money you would like to spend while are there. This will help set a budget and keep and keep your finances in order, but also prevent you from spending too much. Always remember to have fun at Kalahari and make it a stay youll never forget. There are many steps to planning a vacation to Kalahari Resorts, Ohio. First of all, you must ask yourself how many days would you like to spend at Kalahari. Once you decide, you must figure you want to book a flight or drive. Depending on certain dates, flights can be really expensive if booked during peak vaction months. Driving on the other hand, is not for everyone. It can be very expensive with the price of gas, and very tedious depending how many hours you will spend in the car. The next step is to find pricings on the hotel with their website, Kalahariresorts.com. This website provides package deals that include: the room, access to the aracde, and also access to the pool. When choosing your room, you need to pick the perks you want, such as a full kitchen or a veiw of the outdoor petting zoo. Now that you have chosen your means of transportaion and room, you must determine howÃ much money you would like to spend while are there. This will help set a budget and keep and keep your finances in order, but also prevent you from spending too much. Always remember to have fun at Kalahari and make it a stay youll never forget.
Monday, January 20, 2020
SoftPot Rotary Potentiometer: Rotary potentiometer is provided at knee joint of the exoskeleton. Whenever the patient is having intent to walk, the rotary potentiometer calculates the respective torque. In response to that a feedback signal is provided to the actuation system to exert equivalent force to interact with the input torque. The feedback system is designed so well that it updates the status of input torque in fraction of a second and as a result exoskeleton keeps working accordingly; and works well with frequent torque changes. Rotary potentiometer works on the principle of resistance change. It is provided with a very fine needle/flip which rotates over the resistive ring. More the angle of rotation more will be the value of resistance observed between the terminal and the rotating flip. It is the measured resistance that tells about the angle of rotation of the joint and torques produced. Therefore, whenever rotational movement is observed the value of resistance of the respective potentiometer is changed and the signal is fed to the controller to take proper action. This helps in maintaining the exoskeleton motion according to the suggested profile and keeping it in the right motion. The rotary potentiometer used in our proposed design is SoftPot rotary potentiometer which is a miniaturized product with slim and sleek design. It can easily be placed along the bearings of the rotary joints and gives output in terms of analog electrical signals which are proportional to the angle of rotation. This sensor is very thin and compact in design with a wide range of operational resistances. Range of resistance change may vary between 100Ohms to 10,000Ohms; also the response of this sensor is much linear; therefore, the positi... ...e with a frequency rate multiplied by the movement. When you rotate the gyroscope, you may notice a so called Coriolis acceleration. In fact, the gyroscope is a spinner, rotating around a vertical axis, fixed in a frame which can articulate around horizontal axis, attached to another frame rotating around the third axis. Thus, we can conclude: no matter how rotate a spinner, it always has an ability to remain in the upright position. The transmitters accepts the signal about the spinner's orientation towards the frames, and the processor defines how the frame must be located with respect to gravity. Regardless to the types of stabilization the system, it can be the power system stabilization (used in two-stage gyroscopes), the tracer system stabilization force (also on a two-level gyroscopes) and the indicator system stabilization (in three-stage gyroscopes). .
Sunday, January 12, 2020
Clean water, a necessity for all but not available to all at present. Water scarcity is a serious issue demanding our attention. As numbers suggest around 700 million people around the world do not have enough clean water for drinking, sanitation and other requirements. This number is expected to reach 3 billion by 2025 because of different factors. The demand of water is increasing day by day due to a rise in population, global warming and hence the resulting change in climate across the world. World water scenario is changing at a steep rate. No country or community will be sheltered from the growing water shortage. People will have to resort to extreme measures like relocation from one place to another. Urbanization and industrialization is polluting existing surface and groundwater resources. Increasing demands of growth and development are causing water tables to decline at an alarming rate and agricultural lands are losing their fertility and nutrients (Ã¢â¬Å"WaterÃ¢â¬ ). The crisis of freshwater shortage affects 31 countries presently and is expected to upset 48 countries by 2025 (Hinrichsen, Robey and Upadhyay Ã¢â¬Å"Solutions for a Water-Short WorldÃ¢â¬ ; EditorÃ¢â¬â¢s summary). Figure 5 (Hinrichsen, Robey and Upadhyay Ã¢â¬Å"Solutions for a Water-Short WorldÃ¢â¬ ) shows population in water scarce countries, 1995-2050. Conflicts as a consequence of above mentioned circumstances are inevitable. The big question is how can everyone have sufficient clean water without conflict? Water extraction rate from natural resources like lakes, rivers and underground water wells is faster than their replenishment rate. Figure 1(Hinrichsen, Robey and Upadhyay Ã¢â¬Å"Solutions for a Water-Short WorldÃ¢â¬ ) below shows links between population and freshwater and figure 2 (Hinrichsen, Robey and Upadhyay Ã¢â¬Å"Solutions for a Water-Short WorldÃ¢â¬ ) below shows distribution of worldÃ¢â¬â¢s water and availability of freshwater. Population growth in countries like Ethiopia, Pakistan, China, India, Kenya, Nigeria, and Peru will have adverse effects on their water resources. More population means more food requirements and hence more agricultural irrigation. To make things worse existing resources are being turned into waste disposals by ever increasing industrialization, urbanization and rising use of pesticides and fertilizers in agriculture. Conservation of water and proper management of the available resources is very important to avoid the coming global hard times (Hinrichsen, Robey and Upadhyay Ã¢â¬Å"Solutions for a Water-Short WorldÃ¢â¬ ; EditorÃ¢â¬â¢s summary). Figure 4 (Hinrichsen, Robey and Upadhyay Ã¢â¬Å"Solutions for a Water-Short WorldÃ¢â¬ ) shows rising water use. Struggle and conflicts for water among people are unavoidable. Situation is no different in developed and developing countries. Developed countries like Belgium, Great Britain, Poland, Singapore, and North America are already feeling water stress. It becomes difficult for rivers and groundwater resources in UK to satisfy the augmented water demands of summer heat. Similarly in USA, agricultural requirements are fighting for their share with urban needs of water. Different states in India are fighting for their share of water bodies. Chinese farmers are sacrificing their water needs to feed urban demands of cities. Less water for irrigation means less food grains production and eventually a global food crisis. Shared water resources among countries will add to this fight. For instance Africa, where the conditions are already worse, will see different countries fighting for the Nile, Zambezi, Niger, and Volta river basins to meet their water needs. Similarly Aral Sea Basin for Central Asia and rivers like Amu Darya and Syr Darya will be a subject of conflict among Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan. The US and Mexico also share cold space over the Colorado River (Hinrichsen, Robey and Upadhyay Ã¢â¬Å"Solutions for a Water-Short WorldÃ¢â¬ ; Ch. 3. 3 ).
Saturday, January 4, 2020
The adjournment of the war of 1812 led to three political process which changed the face of America forever. The market revolution, the westward expansion, and the rise of a vigorous political democracy established American policies which are still upheld today. These policies include reformed freedom, improved economic procedures and established a political democracy. Many changes evolved after the war of 1812, the first being the eradication of a one-party government. The election of 1816 is significant for a few reasons. First, this election marks the end of federalist candidates. Rufus King was the last federalist candidate to run for presidency. However, King was out beat in Ã¢â¬Å"a vote of 65 to 54Ã¢â¬ by his democratic- republican competitor James Monroe (Preston). After MonroeÃ¢â¬â¢s victory, he worked to rid the federalist party, separate political parties and unify the nation. Following the war of 1812 and into MonroeÃ¢â¬â¢s presidency, the nation still felt grea t tension and separation. In hopes to rectify the situation, Monroe went on a tour to instill unity and nationalism. Trying to appeal to the common people Monroe payed his own way and dressed alike (Enclyopedia.com). His good will tour to boston coined the term Ã¢â¬Å"Era of Good FeelingÃ¢â¬ by an American journalist, Benjamin Russell (Boundless). Afters Monroe s two term presidency came the election of 1824. This election was met with great controversy. There were four candidates John Quincy, Henry Clay, and Andrew Jackson.Show MoreRelatedThe War of 1812672 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThe War of 1812 was caused by the many conflicts with Great Britain and France. Even though the United States had made many efforts to stay out of the Napoleonic Wars, the conflict was not avoided. 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Although the military suffered great failure during the war, these were the direct consequence of the failure of the citizens to unite for the causes of the war. Because of these failures, it is quite valid to call the War of 1812 quot;Americas worst-foughtRead More The War of 1812 Essay1307 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pag esThe War Of 1812 The War of 1812 took place while president James Madison was in office. Madison was born in Orange County, Virginia in 1751. He attended the College of New Jersey, which is now well known as Princeton. Madison did many significant things both before and after he was in office. He participated in the framing of the Virginia Constitution, served in the Continental Congress and he was also a leader in the Virginia Assembly. One of his major contributions was a ratification to the Constitution
Friday, December 27, 2019
Introduction There is a correlation between culture and crime specifically with sexual minority communities and hate motivated violence. Hate-motivated violence refers to an act of violence that is motivated by bias or prejudice (Grattet, 2009). Reasons for bias crimes occurring include that these criminal offenses tend to occur in communities with high levels of social disorganization, they occur as a defense against neighborhood in-migration of ethnic othersÃ¢â¬ , and neighborhoods with concentrated disadvantage and residential turnover (Garret, 2009). There are consequences of hate-motivated violence for example, hate crime victims report higher levels of depression, anxiety, anger, and nervousness, and hate motivated physical violence isÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦665). Hate crimes can range from trespassing and harassment to destruction of property to right out violence which carries a punishment for such as act in the criminal justice system. Statistics show that 17.4% of nearly 88,463 hate crimes were targeted toward sexual minorities which is eight times the expected rate for this group population (Hatzenbuehler et al., 2015). Measures used included the Sexual Orientation Classification, Bullying, and the LBGT Hate Crime Incidents (Hatzenbuehler et al., 2015). The sexual orientation classification measure dealt with sexual orientation, for example, completely heterosexual, mostly heterosexual, bisexual, mostly homosexual, completely homosexual (guy or lesbian), or not sure. In the Bullying instrument questions asked related to these specific types of bullying: verbal bullying, electronic bullying, and relational bullying which looked at bullying either occurring in school or in the community. The LGBT Hate Crime Incidents looked at only LGBT hate crimes types such as threats (22.12%), harassment (30.77%), assault or assault and battery (25.48%) and assault or assault and battery with a dangerous weapon (21.63%) (Hatzenbuehler et al., 2015). The results are as follows: the mean age of the sexual minority youth was 16.24 years old, female sexual minority youth were